Robert Skenderović’s participation at a workshop in Salzburg

Robert Skenderović, PhD, project leader of the research project of the Croatian Science Foundation “From Virgin Forests to Ploughlands: History of Anthropization of Forests of Slavonia from the Middle Ages to the Beginning of the 20the Century”, participated at a workshop entitled “Urban Society and Environmental Change in Small and Mid-size Cities, ca. 1700-1900″ which was held in Salzburg, Austria, between March 10 and 11, 2017, under the auspices of the History Department of the University of Salzburg and the European Society for Environmental History. Skenderović held a lecture entitled “Building a  Fortress in the Middle of the Town of Osijek as Environmental Change and its Consequences for the Inhabitants”.

Summary of the lecture:

“Building of the Osijek Fortress was the biggest constructional enterprise in the 18th century Slavonia. It affected all the inhabitants in the town, but also all the inhabitants of the neighbouring estates in Eastern Slavonia and in Baranya. After the liberation from the Ottoman rule Osijek has become a cameral town (Kammeralstadt) according to the privilege from the 1698. It actually consisted from the two neighbourhoods – the Upper Town and the Inner Town (the Fortress). Several years later the third neighbourhood was established – the Lower Town. In 1702 the Upper Town separated from the Inner Town and became also a cameral town. The Lower town got the same status in 1704.

The main building activities of the Fortress lasted from 1712 to 1719. During the building of the Fortress all the resources of the Eastern Slavonia and Baranya were involved in it. Forests were exploited for the timber and as a fuel for the brick factory. People were mobilised as a working force, especially peasants. During the building of the Fortress inhabitants of Osijek were excluded from decision making about the life in the town. The change of their environment was immense. For the purpose of the new Fortress old Osijek had to vanish.”

Conference programme:

Final Programme